Stapling Stomach Surgery

Stapling Stomach Surgery

There are different forms of stomach surgery available to people that need it. However, each kind of operation is considered a last possible resort. The only time surgery is recommended is when a patient has tried, without success, to lose weight through any of the traditional methods. Stomach surgery to treat obesity is known as bariatric surgery, the two types of surgery are restrictive and malabsorptive.

Malabsorptive surgery involves creating a pouch at the top of the stomach and attaching a section of the small intestine to the pouch in order to bypass the rest of the stomach. The method of surgery used to create this is called a gastric bypass.

The restrictive operating procedure aims to restrict the size of the stomach and make it smaller so that a person will feel full having eaten less. This is done by using staples or a band to tighten the top of the stomach. This method of surgery is carried out in two ways, gastric band stomach surgery or stapling stomach surgery.

There are times when the use of staples is combined with malabsorptive surgery in gastric bypass procedures.

Benefits of stapling stomach surgery

Stapling stomach surgery also known as vertical branded gastroplasty (VBG) is used as an alternative to gastric band stomach surgery and has the main benefit of being more secure than a band, although the use of the gastric band is now a popular method, stapling is still in use. The benefits of stapling to the patient mean that where once weight loss was impossible it will now be easy and fast. Stapling the stomach reduces it from its normal size, similar to a melon to a new size around the size of an egg. Stapling also offers the benefit of preventing dumping syndrome which can occur in other forms of bariatric surgery. Dumping syndrome is a condition that is caused when foods pass through the digestive system to quickly and can cause bloating, vomiting, cramping and diarrhoea.

Disadvantages of stapling stomach surgery

Unfortunately stapling stomach surgery has more disadvantages than advantages; it is also classed as a dangerous procedure which has led to be being surpassed in most hospitals and clinics by gastric band surgery.

The need to follow a diet plan after bariatric surgery applies to all methods of treatment, even more so with stapling surgery; there are also strict restrictions on the kinds of foods that can be consumed. Dense, high fibre foods can become impossible to eat, likewise, foods that are highly refined can cause some discomfort.

Reversing the stapling surgery procedure is much more difficult than the favoured gastric band procedure, removing the staples will require extensive stitching and cause discomfort to the patient, for this reason, reversal is only considered if serious complications have occurred.

Unlike the gastric band which can be adjusted several times to find the correct restriction, stapling cannot be adjusted and once completed the stomach will remain at the set size. Eat foods too quickly with a stapled stomach may cause vomiting and discomfort.