Laparoscopic Stomach Surgery

Laparoscopic Stomach Surgery

The use of surgery to cure a problem with the stomach is used in severe cases and is taken as a last resort in all occasions. Surgery is common with a number of different stomach conditions including hernias, ulcers and to help treat obesity. Most stomach conditions especially those related to obesity can be operated using to different ways:

  • Open stomach surgery
  • Laparoscopic stomach surgery

Open surgery not as widely used as laparoscopic stomach surgery and is generally reserved for patients that have had previous stomach surgery or when the weight becomes a problem for the use of laparoscopic procedures. Laparoscopic surgery has become a more popular choice for surgeons as there is less hospital time needed and recovery time is much quicker.

What does laparoscopic stomach surgery involve?

The term laparoscopic surgery refers to the use of a telescope and camera which is used to help the surgeon perform the operation. The telescope is inserted into the tummy and the attached camera will relay footage to a video screen that is set up beside the operating table; using the video footage allows the surgeon to have a clear view of the stomach and enables the operation to be carried out easily.

Laparoscopic surgery relies on the use of four to six small incisions of 1-2 cm around the abdomen as opposed to one large incision of 10-15 cm. These small incisions allow the surgeon to pass the telescope and camera through the abdomen as-well as the instruments required to carry out the procedure. To enable the surgeon to see the inside of the stomach clearly and to have enough room in which to work a body friendly gas such as carbon dioxide is used to inflate the stomach.

All instruments that are used are no wider than the width of a pencil and designed to fit perfectly into the small incisions.

After the surgery is complete, the stomach is deflated and the incisions are stich with dissolvable stiches.

Recovery after laparoscopic stomach surgery

The method of laparoscopic surgery has reduced recovery time dramatically but patients will usually need a period of time in hospital as they recover. Part of this stay is to allow recovery from the general anaesthesia that is used to perform the operation. The effects of general anaesthesia can still be felt up to 48 hours after an operation has been completed.

A patient that has undergone laparoscopic stomach surgery with no complications will normally remain in hospital for around 1-3 days. A full recovery can generally take anywhere from 2-6 weeks.

Specific dietary requirements will be required, in the case of bariatric surgery to treat obesity these dietary requirements will need to be strictly followed over a long term basis along with an exercise plan.

Aftercare appointments will be made for you to visit the hospital on an out-patient basis to check the progress of recovery and to look and the mental and physical state of the patient, diet plans will also be looked at.