How to Choose The Correct Stomach Surgery

How to Choose The Correct Stomach Surgery

Obesity is one of the leading causes of premature death in the world; it is also related to numerous health conditions and can cause depression and other psychological problems. Some people are able to tackle obesity with the help of a GP and dietician by using strict diet and exercise plans; others can be helped with the use of anti-obesity drugs although these are not recommended over a long term period. For people who struggle to lose weight through any natural alternative, stomach surgery will be the recommended option of treatment; if the patient has a BMI of over 40 (35 with obesity related disease) then a choice of surgical procedures are available. How to choose the correct stomach surgery can be decided with the help of a consultant surgeon.

Visiting a consultant surgeon

Knowing how to choose the correct stomach surgery for your individual needs is not something that can be decided by someone without knowledge of the procedures available. Before deciding to undergo surgery, you will be required to visit a surgeon for a consultancy. Surgeons in both the NHS and the private sector will provide consultancies prior to surgery.

The consultancy will give you the chance to talk through the aspects of surgery with an experienced and qualified surgeon, the surgeon will also be able to detail the benefits and risks of surgery and how each operation is carried out. Any fears of questions that you may have regarding the process of surgery can be answered by the consultant.

Types of stomach surgery

There are various types of operation that can be carried out to treat weight loss; how to choose the correct stomach surgery can be narrowed down to the kinds of procedure:

  • Restrictive bariatric surgery
  • Malabsorptive bariatric surgery

All of the different types of stomach surgery will be carried out using either a restrictive or malabsorptive technique. Restrictive surgery is done to restrict the size of the stomach and the amount of food it can hold, this will lead to the patient needing to consume less food to feel full and therefore lose weight.

Malabsorptive surgery works by making the stomach smaller and also restricting the amount of food that can be digested by the intestine. Malabsorptive surgery is generally combined with restrictive surgery to limited decrease the patients need to eat.

Common types of stomach surgery

How to choose the correct stomach surgery will ultimately be a decision made between the patient and surgeon, there are common forms of surgery that are used and may be suggested by the surgeon:

  • Gastric balloon- this is a non-invasive procedure¬† which involves placing a balloon into the stomach via the throat, the balloon is inflated to partially fill the stomach
  • Gastric band- the gastric band works using the restrictive technique and uses an adjustable band to create a pouch at the top of the stomach
  • Gastric bypass- works by creating a small pouch at the top of the stomach and connecting it to a part of the small intestine and bypassing the rest of the stomach.